The mobile application has taken over the IT industry in recent years. A 2021 study revealed the total number of app downloads was approximately 230 billion. And the number has stalled there. Instead, it has been growing due to the use of mobile technology across all countries and the eagerness of people to have the same experience on their mobiles as they are used to for the desktop or laptops.
However, developing the software isn’t a walk in the park. Most businesses hire a mobile app development company for the task. While the professional will take care of the entire process, it is better to have fundamental knowledge about the steps to be implemented for successful mobile application development. Keeping this in mind, we have described how the mobile app development process is orchestrated.
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Step 1: Planning and research
The first step you need to do before you hire a mobile app developer is planning and research. It would help if you learned more about the market, the competition, various technologies to be used for the development process of the software, and so on.
Step 2: Prototype building
Developers build basic-level software using the functional knowledge to show the clients how the actual mobile app will work. This developed software will be a simple prototype.
Step 3: Designing
The next thing to do is design the entire application, from the frontend layout to the UI elements. Apart from this, it would help if you also worked on the navigation and other aspects of the entire app. The design needs to be orchestrated in the form of workflows, 3D layouts, and so on.
Step 4: Development
The most important step every mobile app development company needs to undertake is the development phase. Frontend and backend development is done simultaneously. But first, the company must decide the technology stack to use. It should contain frameworks for frontend and backend development, a database, and a full-stack framework.
The most common tech stacks used are MEAN and MERN. Here, M stands for MongoDB, E means ExpressJS, A stands for AngularJS, R stands for React, and N stands for NodeJS. If you are satisfied with these technologies, you can easily customize the stack to meet the project requirements.
Step 5: Testing
When you hire a mobile app development company, you must check the types of testing functions its professionals can perform. The basic testing postcode release in the offshore, SIT, and UAT environments involves functional and manual testing. This is mandatory because the user will also functionally work on the app. Apart from this, several other testing methods, like automation testing, are also implemented.
Automation testing makes regression and sanity checks easier and hassle-free. Performance testing is also implemented to ensure the app is performing expectedly. Another way of testing is API testing. API or application programming interfaces reduce the hassles of manual testing and ensure professionals can easily complete the work.
Step 6: Deployment
Once development and testing are successful. The software professionals deploy the codes to the production environment if the initial work is done in the UAT environment. But for SIT or offshore development environment, the code is deployed to UATR first, and after a regression testing phase, the codes are merged with the production environment.
Usually, the deployment and integration teams manage deployment cycles. However, to increase the processing speed, reduce human intervention, and minimalize the code integration issues of the mobile app development process, DevOps principles are incorporated, like pipelines for code deployment through Ci/CD.
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Step 7: Support and maintenance
The last step of the mobile app development process is support and maintenance. It is usually done once the codes are fully deployed into the production environment, the real-time-based environment for the users.
When the users encounter any problem with the software, they report a glitch in the form of service requests or incidents through various platforms like Jira and assign them to the dev team. The developers give the fix, and the testers test the fixed defects. Once everything is done, changed codes are released into the production post a code merge.
From this brief, it is clear how important it is for the mobile app development company to orchestrate the workflow to be followed to make the SDLC successful. However, there are several challenges to why steps 4 and step 5, i.e., development and testing, are often combined to execute in a parallel manner. This methodology is called agile software development, and many IT companies have already adopted it to make teams more robust and deliver projects on time with minimal bugs and errors.